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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

Number 1. (in 2 part) August 15, 2013


Physico-mathematical Sciences

1. Vladimir N. Chuvil’deev, Vladimir I. Kopylov, Aleksey V. Nokhrin, Olga E. Pirozhnikova
Theoretical Analysis of Non-equilibrium Grain Boundaries Diffusion Properties Recovery during Ultra-fine Grain Metals and Alloys Annealing

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 1990-2002

Abstract:
The article presents the results of theoretical analysis of non-equilibrium grain boundaries diffusion properties recovery during ultra-fine grain (UFG) materials annealing, produced by severe plastic deformation (SPD) method. The paper proves that activation energy and grain boundary diffusion coefficient of UFG materials depend on density of defects, cumulated by grain boundary during SPD. Annealing causes diffusion redistribution of defects in grain boundaries, which results in diffusion properties change. Diffusion properties recovery rate depends on grain size and it is much higher in UFG materials than in coarse-grained materials.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721020.pdf
Number of views: 730      Download in PDF


Biological Sciences

2. Margaret Yu. Ishmuratova, Helen A. Gavril'kova, Alexandra Sh. Dodonova, Saltanat U. Tleukenova
Saponaria officinalis Seeds Germination Morphology and Biology

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2003-2011.

Abstract:
This work deals with the study of influence of terms and storage conditions on Saponaria officinalis seed quality, stored in different containers (paper, plastic, fabric and glass), in the different temperature conditions, under light or darkness. The morphology, biology of Saponaria officinalis seeds was described. Basing in the obtained results, we recommend to store Saponaria officinalis seeds within 3 months in paper container at the temperature of - 18˚С.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721170.pdf
Number of views: 745      Download in PDF


3. Aiman E. Konkabaeva, Gulmira M. Tykezhanova, Rakhat T. Bodeeva, Akerke J. Sadykova, Sultan A. Kusherbaev
Adaptation of Regulatory Systems in Schoolchildren, Residing in Industrial Area

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2012-2016.

Abstract:
The article presents the results of the study of heart rate variability (HRT) in apparently healthy volunteers of both sexes without bad habits, aged 16-18, residing in industrial region (Temirtau) and the ones, studying under innovative technologies. HRT was registered with the help of computer-controlled devices “Varikard” (Russia). The changes of HRT spectral indexes towards integral impact of vegetative regulation mechanisms and parasympathetic activity decrease and regulatory systems overexertion, demanding correction methods implementation.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721273.pdf
Number of views: 702      Download in PDF


4. Aiman E. Konkabaeva, Baglan M. Bakysheva, Zauresh T. Kystaubaeva, Gulmira M. Tykezhanova, Ergali T. Seitov
Assessment of Respiratory Function in Students, Residing in Different Industrial Areas

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2017-2022.

Abstract:
The article considers the results of the examination of three groups of apparently healthy volunteer students of one social group, both men and women, without bad habits, aged 19-22. Students live in three different industrial areas of Central Khazakhstan, containing ironworks (Temirtau) and non-ferrous smelters (Balkhash, Zhezkazgan). It determined the necessity of respiratory function examination, using automated lung tester. The examination of respiratory function determined the decrease of the following parameters: lung vital capacity, maximal expiratory flow volume, forced expiratory volume 1, peak expiratory flow rate, cardiac minute output 25-50 if compared to proper parameters. The examination enabled us to make the conclusion that respiratory function is restricted due to high respiratory load, caused by air pollution. Changes intensity is different and can indicate the pollution in the examined areas.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721375.pdf
Number of views: 699      Download in PDF


5. Valery V. Rozhentsov
Mental Fatigue Evaluation

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2023-2030.

Abstract:
The article offers the method for evaluation of mental fatigue, based on the method of paired light pulses. Ten pre-trained test men with normal vision, aged 18–20 participated in the experiment. Testees were showed subsequent paired light pulses at a 200 ms interval, divided by initial interpulse interval of 70 ms, recurring at the fixed time interval of 1 s. Testees determined the threshold interpulse interval, at which the two pulses in a pair merged into one, three times, using the method of successive approximation. Then testees solved algebraic equations with several unknowns for two hours. The threshold interpulse interval was determined three times every 20 minutes in the course of equations solving. The degree of mental fatigue DMF was calculated, using the formula: DMFi = (TPIi – TPI0) 100% / TPIi; i = 1, 2, … , n, where DMFi is the degree of mental fatigue at the i-th measurement; TPIi is average arithmetic duration of threshold interpulse interval at the i-th measurement; TPI0 is average arithmetic duration of threshold interpulse interval before algebraic equations solving; n is the dimension of threshold interpulse interval measurement in the course of algebraic equations solving. After 20 minutes of work, the degree of mental fatigue of one of the testees was 9.5 %, rose to 21 % by the end of the first hour and exceeded 39 % by the end of the second hour. Similar dynamics of mental fatigue was observed in all testees, but its development and the degree of fatigue are individual. To prevent fatigue and ensure high level of efficiency one should set the individual schedule and rest pauses duration during mental activity.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721448.pdf
Number of views: 735      Download in PDF


6. Sabit S. Shorin, Anar M. Rahmetova, Naila Sh. Ahmetova, Karlygash S. Tebenova, Klara M. Tuganbekova, Gulnazia K. Alshynbekova, Gulmira A. Tusupbekova
Oxidative Metabolism State and Immunity in Industrial Rubber Production Workers

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2031-2038.

Abstract:
The research of immunity and oxidative metabolism state in workers of rubber production industry is characterized by efficient activation of antioxidant protection, as indicated by the absence of significant cumulation of secondary products of lipid peroxidation and the presence of moderate sensitization.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721571.pdf
Number of views: 681      Download in PDF


7. Svetlana М. Yatsun
Vibroacoustic Skin Diagnostics Modeling

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2039-2043.

Abstract:
The article deals with the mathematical modeling of biological diagnosis of complex heterogeneous structure (skin), using non-destructive control method. The mathematical model, describing interaction of the material with electrodynamic vibration generator and sensor system, controlling the propagation of small disturbances was developed. The influence of material model parameters on the spectrum in the course of the propagation of the surface disturbance.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721640.pdf
Number of views: 670      Download in PDF


Engineering Sciences

8. Evgenii P. Prokopiev
Ecology and Space – Backbone Directions of Human Civilization Development

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2044-2056.

Abstract:
The article briefly describes the features and possible ways of space technologies development (special attention is attached to the problematic issues of physics, chemistry and antimatter technology); the problem of positron annihilation in matter (positronium), including positron processes, positron states and annihilation process, which is the component of fundamental and practical important problem of antimatter. The space technologies of the future – the most important problems of antimatter application are considered on the basis of Internet data.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721717.pdf
Number of views: 944      Download in PDF


9. Normahmad Ravshanov, Bozorboy Palvanov, Yuldash Islamov
Mathematical Model of Suspension Filtering and Its Analytical Solution

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2057-2065.

Abstract:
The work develops mathematical model and computing algorithm to analyze, project and identify the basic parameters of filter units operation and their variation range. On their basis, numerical analytic solution of the problem of ionized liquid solutions filtering was obtained. Computing experiments, resulting in graphic format were presented. Analysis of calculation results enables to determine the optimum modes of filter units operation, used in liquid ionized solutions filtration technology, in food preparation, in drug production and for drinking water purification. Selection of the most suitable parameters contributes to the improvement of economic and technologic efficiency of production and filter units operability.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721817.pdf
Number of views: 670      Download in PDF


Agricultural Sciences

10. Adilkhan Zhangaziev, Gulnara Ziyaeva, Asker Taichibekov, Zhaksybai Tuleubaev, Gul'sana Shaimerdenova
In VITRO Method Use For Winter Wheat Selection

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2066-2070.

Abstract:
Valuable parent material for winter wheat selection was received, using in vitro haploid technology. Allocated ADH-line of winter soft wheat considerably outyielded and surpassed in fineness the parent seeds and standards. ADH-1050 line, called Nureke was passed for processing in Almaty and Zhambylsky Regions since 2008.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377721932.pdf
Number of views: 747      Download in PDF


Historical Sciences and Archaeology

11. Sofiya V. Zherebchuk
ASEM as the Instrument for ASEAN and EU Interaction: Issue Historiography

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(56), № 8-1, р. 2071-2078.

Abstract:
The article attempts to analyze historiography and sources of ASEAN and EU interaction, characterizes the features of interaction of the mentioned integration groups. Relations with EU have special place in ASEAN international contacts, basing both on the fact that EU is one of the key economic partners of the Association and the specific character of interaction between the leading regional integration alliances. The analysis of the documents enabled to estimate the major directions of today’s cooperation between the leading integration alliances more precisely and determine the possible prospects.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377722007.pdf
Number of views: 824      Download in PDF


12.
full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1377778617.pdf
Number of views: 1227      Download in PDF





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