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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

1 January 26, 2015

Historical sciences and archeology

1. Irina V. Kornilova, Timur A. Magsumov
The Soviet Society in Focus of a Regionalistika

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 4-16.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.4CrossRef

The article presents the most significant intellectual achievements of the Russian historians in the field of historical study of local lore, regional and local history of the beginning of the XXI century in the conditions of radical transformations of the Russian historical science, its academic and high school structures, metropolitan and regional communities of the Russian scientists, their scientific communication connections and interactions with the western historians-regionalists are presented in article. There is p the attempt to consider the Soviet society through a prism of a combination and integration micro and macroapproaches in a locus of regional researches is made in this work. Methodological approaches of "modern local history" are considered in comparison with the developed local history practicians of an historiography. The authors comes to a conclusion about the beginning of the new period in the history of the local history movement connected with rehabilitation of traditional methods of an historiography, but on the new methodological basis with the purpose to save national historiographic traditions and to try to break the barriers existing in science.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422698898.pdf
Number of views: 1101      Download in PDF

Economic sciences

2. Zeyneb Adamanova
Trends in the Development of International Tourism and Imperatives of Modernizing the Tourism Industry

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 17-25.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.17CrossRef

This article provides a rationale for the significance and explores the characteristics of international tourism. The author establishes that this sector of the global economy has been developing in quite a sustainable fashion, without being affected by substantial differences between various regions around the world. The author discusses groups of stimulating factors and major trends in the development of international tourism at the current stage, including major changes in the tourism product and the operation of the global market of tourism services. The article defines the imperatives of modernizing the tourism industry at the national level.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422699296.pdf
Number of views: 1228      Download in PDF

3. Lyudmila V. Gorbatova, Alla V. Oleinikova, Bakytgul M. Sadanova, Galiya S. Mukhasheva
Automation of Methods for the Subjective Measuring of Factors in the Operation of Automated Information Systems by Means of VBA

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 26-31.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.26CrossRef

This article describes the process of assessing the effectiveness of the operation of automated information systems in colleges using the method of pairwise comparison and discusses numerical representations used with the above method. The author lists methods for the subjective measuring of the effective operation of automated information systems. The article proposes a way to automate the methods that makes it possible to simplify performing calculations and reduce the amount of time it takes to determine the outcome of a specific task. The author provides an algorithm with the results of work carried out.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422699412.pdf
Number of views: 1059      Download in PDF

4. Ehssan Jandaghi
Efficiency Evaluation of Research Groups Using Data Envelopment Analysis

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 32-36.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.32CrossRef

The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare efficiency of research groups in the Center of Social and Cultural Research. There are several tools for efficiency evaluation. The method used in this study was Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) in which rate of output is evaluated by input and effective and non-effective units are determined. The first step in DEA is to prepare a list of inputs and outputs. The inputs in this study were personnel and administrative costs, the ratio of group staff to the total staff of the center and person-hours of labor. The outputs of this study contained the number of finished research projects, proportion of allocated budget to the total budget issued and the Percent of the projects’ progress. The survey was carried out in 20 research groups, using DEA method. The analysis indicated that 5 groups were efficient and 3 groups were on border line. To improve non-efficient groups and converting them to efficient ones, we suggest some adjustments in inputs and outputs.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422699480.pdf
Number of views: 1016      Download in PDF

Philological sciences

5. Dariga A. Bekova, Akbope K. Karabaeva, Akmaral A. Umirbekova
Communicative – Activity Approach in Learning Foreign Language

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 48-54.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.48CrossRef

The article is devoted communicative method of teaching foreign languages, which is the activity character. The task of the communicative approach – to interest of students in learning a foreign language through the accumulation and improvement their knowledge and experience. The main objective this method – free orienteering training in foreign language environment and the ability to adequately react in different situations, communication.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422699924.pdf
Number of views: 1198      Download in PDF

6. Ella V. Nesterik, Natalya S. Rozhayeva
The Types of Personal Networks in the Texts Containing Descriptions of Dematerialization of a Subject

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 55-60.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.55CrossRef

The article examines the types of personal networks found in the descriptions of dematerialization of a subject and reveals the role of the linguistic means expressing the category of personality in the linguistic embodiment of this phenomenon. The research is conducted at the junction of several disciplines, among which text linguistics takes the leading place. The authors come to the conclusion that dematerialization is formed in a literary text by explicit means of expression of personality – predicates of a certain type and pronominal personal network.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422700054.pdf
Number of views: 1028      Download in PDF

Philosophical sciences

7. Sergey A. Lebedev
The Structure of the Contemporary Methodology of Scientific Cognition

European Researcher, 2015, Vol.(90), Is. 1, pp. 61-68.
DOI: 10.13187/er.2015.90.61CrossRef

The article subject is the structure of the contemporary methodology of scientific cognition. To the author opinion there are five parts in this structure: 1) general methodology of science, 2) areal methodology of science, 3) level methodology of science, 4) discipline methodology of science, 5) culture-historical methodology of science. The subject of the general methodology of science is the general science methods (observation, experiment, induction, hypothesis, deduction, confirmation, falsification, explanation, prediction, etc.). The subject of the areal methodology of science is the specific methods of the main areal scientific knowledge: mathematics, natural sciences, social and humanity sciences, technical sciences. The subject of the level methodology of science is the specific methods of the different levels cognition: sense data level, empirical level, theoretical level, metatheoretical level. The subject of the discipline methodology of science is the specific methods of the different sciences and different scientific disciplines (physics, chemistry, physiology, psychology, sociology and etc.). The subject of the cultural-historical methodology of science is the specific methods of the different cultural-historical types of science: antic science, medial science, classical science, nonclassical science, postnonclassical (postmodern) science.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422700115.pdf
Number of views: 1011      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1422700133.pdf
Number of views: 1131      Download in PDF

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