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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

Number 2. (in 2 part) August 25, 2014

Physical and Mathematical sciences

1. Merab Aghniashvili, Diana Mtchedlishvili
The Fourth Main Boundary Value Problem of Dynamics of Thermo-resiliency’s Momentum Theory

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1488-1490
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1488CrossRef

In the paper is presented the fourth main boundary value problem of Dynamics of Thermo-resiliency’s Momentum theory. The uniqueness theorem of the solution is proved for this problem.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409224318.pdf
Number of views: 943      Download in PDF

Biological sciences

2. Swati Tyagi, Neelam Garg, Rajan Paudel
Environmental Degradation: Causes and Consequences

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1491-1498
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1491CrossRef

The subject of environmental economics is at the forefront of the green debate: the environment can no longer be viewed as an entity separate from the economy. Environmental degradation is of many types and have many consequences. To address this challenge a number of studies have been conducted in both developing and developed countries applying different methods to capture health benefits from improved environmental quality. Minimizing exposure to environmental risk factors by enhancing air quality and access to improved sources of drinking and bathing water, sanitation and clean energy is found to be associated with significant health benefits and can contribute significantly to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals of environmental sustainability, health and development. In this paper, I describe the national and global causes and consequences of environmental degradation and social injustice. This paper provides a review of the literature on studies associated with reduced environmental risk and in particular focusing on reduced air pollution, enhanced water quality and climate change mitigation.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409224435.pdf
Number of views: 1227      Download in PDF

Economic sciences

3. Sribas Goswami
Clean Coal Initiatives in India

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1499-1513
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1499CrossRef

Availability of, and access to, coal is a crucial element of modern economies and it helps pave the way for human development. Accordingly, the thermal power sector and steel industries have been given a high priority in the national planning processes in India and a concerted focus on enhancing these sectors have resulted in significant gain in generation and availability of electricity and steel in the years since independence. To meet the need of huge demand of power coal is excavated. The process of excavation to the use of coal is potential enough to degrade the environment. Coal Mining is a development activity, which is bound to damage the natural ecosystem by all its activities directly and ancillary, starting from land acquisition to coal beneficiation and use of the products. Huge areas in the Raniganj and Jharia coal field in India have become derelict due to abandoned and active opencast and underground mines. The study is pursued to illustrate the facts which show the urgent need to clean coal mining in India.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409224521.pdf
Number of views: 1117      Download in PDF

4. Ena Kumbara, Ali Göksu
The Impact of Brand Equity Assets on Consumer Preference for Foreign Brands in Bosnia and Herzegovina

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1514-1522
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1514CrossRef

In the free market consumers are faced with a different variation while they making purchase decision. Brand as a term, name, and symbol gives quality and satisfy needs of consumers and on that way assure self recognition. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors which influence consumers to buy international brands rather than national brands. This study has four independent variables and one dependent variable. Data for this study will be collected using online surveys based on the previous researches about brand equity and its dimensions. Sample for this study were 214 respondents form the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regression analyses these data are measured. Results of this research will give benefits to marketing professionals in Bosnian industries where they can try to understand consumers- whether brand equity and its dimensions affect their purchasing decision and does that effect have negative or positive impact. Contribution of this study is reflected in that Bosnian manufacturers and sellers can better meet consumer’s wishes and needs, possibilities of potential consumers in this strained economy.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409227749.pdf
Number of views: 988      Download in PDF

5. Irma Jasarspahic, Teoman Duman
Consumer Attitude Toward Mobile Marketing in Bosnia and Herzegovina

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1523-1531
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1523CrossRef

Driven by the ongoing evolution in mobile technologies and the increasing popularity of the internet, the mobile marketing is becoming more and more popular to marketers whose aim is definitely to promote their goods and services to the consumer. Since many people are still unaware of the potential of marketing via mobile devices this research aimed to examine factors based on content of mobile marketing (entertainment, information, irritation, utility and personalization) and frequency factor that are affecting the formation of attitude toward mobile marketing targeting BH consumers, and also will try bring to light the response behavior of consumers attitude toward mobile marketing practices and how consumers perceive mobile marketing in BH. The research approach for this study is descriptive and the data was collected by 200 online surveys from young population of BH. The data was analyzed using the software program SPSS. Based on analysis and findings, variables of content have different effect on consumer attitude. Research has shown that a lot of respondents believe mobile marketing is a good idea and that they certainly eases the need for products and services. This paper could be used as a good basis for future research on bigger sample.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409227821.pdf
Number of views: 995      Download in PDF

6. Danil M. Matveev
Current State of Production and Finance Development of Scientific and Technological Progress in Agriculture

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1532-1545
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1532CrossRef

Poor efficiency in the use of land, labor, finance and other resources available is characteristic of Russia’s agriculture at the present stage. In most subindustries, the country has not yet achieved the production volume of the early 90s. In the last decade there was a positive trend marked to update logistics and intensify innovative advance in the agriculture, the processes being actively supported by the state, but this did not result in appreciable improvements of the agriculture competitiveness in the global food market. During the study it is revealed that the industry credit debt has gone up three-fold over the past 7 years that made up 1.43trillion rubles versus 112 billion rubles of revenue in 2012. The authors propose a technique to attract private investments in the agriculture of Russia and economic-organizing mechanism to realize it. Hereto, a considerable part is played by state regulation, particularly to provide investment-back guarantees in the event that a project-implementing agricultural organization goes bankrupt. To hold up, the authors consider a number of investment projects implemented by one of the Russian Federation entities which demonstrate their effectiveness both for the investors and the state. Employing the data obtained from the study will allow to largely increase the rates of technical and technological re-equipment of the industry, improve its investment attractiveness and competitiveness based on innovations and this will provide the country's food safety and gross domestic product growth.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409227888.pdf
Number of views: 944      Download in PDF

7. Sanam S. Mirzaliyeva, Ilyas N. Rakhimzhanov
Problems and New Attitudes of Business Evaluation for M&A in Kazakhstan

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp.1546-1550
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1546CrossRef

The main aim of the article is to look through the market of business evaluation for M&A in Kazakhstan. Nowadays Kazakhstan is standing at the inception of the development of M&A market; however, economy of country is rapidly growing, thus assuming a high level of knowledge and experience in M&A issues. Therefore, new legislations are being applied; various methods and attitudes are starting to be used in cases of M&A evaluation. For this reason, the topic is highly efficient for developing M&A specialists and is as relevant as ever.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409227971.pdf
Number of views: 990      Download in PDF

8. Şerife Özlen
The Effects of Domestic Macroeconomic Determinants on Stock Returns: A Sector Level Analysis

European Researcher, 2014, Vol.(81), № 8-2, pp. 1551-1560
DOI: 10.13187/er.2014.81.1551CrossRef

Investment analysis should be carefully performed in stock markets. Therefore, firms take necessary actions according to stock market behavior and macroeconomic variables. Therefore, the predictability of stock market determinants becomes important. This study aims to identify the effects of selected macroeconomic factors (interest rate, exchange rates, inflation-consumer price index, current account deficit, unemployment rates and sector indices) on stock returns of selected 48 companies in 11 different sectors of Istanbul Stock Exchange including electric, food, communication, paper, chemistry, metal-main, metal-product, stone, textile, commerce and transportation sectors. The study employs ARDL approach on the period between the second month of 2005 and the second month of 2012 including 85 monthly observations. According to the results, Sector Indices are found to be quite influential through the selected sectors. Exchanges rate is also significantly influential on almost all the sectors except Communication and Textile sectors. The impacts of Interest Rate, Inflation Rate, Current Account Deficit, and Unemployment Rate are various through the selected sectors. Moreover, the influence of Istanbul Stock Exchange Market on the stock returns of considered companies is significantly clear through the sectors except six companies (two companies from Paper sector, one company from Metal-Main sector, two companies from Stone sector and one company from Textile sector) out of 48 companies. Since it includes a wide range of companies and sectors, this study is expected to be useful for all policy makers and investment decisions.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409228214.pdf
Number of views: 1022      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1409228243.pdf
Number of views: 1184      Download in PDF

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