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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

Number 2. (in 2 part) June 28, 2014


Biological Sciences

1. Tamar Nadiradze, Tea Mchedluri
Bio-ecological Peculiarities of Genus Pinus L. Species Under Conditions of Eastern Georgia

Abstract:
The article discusses bio-ecological peculiarities of the following species of genus Pinus L. spread in eastern Georgia: Pinus eldarica Medw., P. griffithii McCleland., P. cembra L., P. pallasiana Lamb., P. pinea L., P. sabiniana Dougl., P. sylvestris L., P. sosnowskyi Nakai, P. strobus L., the perspectives of their usage in Green Building and contemporary problems. We have studied the periods of bud opening, vegetation ending, starting and finishing of cambium action, sprout woodening process, time and rate of growing in height, and regularities of accumulation-transformation of storage carbohydrates. The studies revealed that the annual development cycle of all these species includes all morphological -physiological periods: sprout growth, latent growth, organic and forced rest. They are characterized by the good growth-development; almost all of them are perspective for eastern Georgia, particularly, for all regions of inner Kakheti. However, in recent years, massive drying up of pine forests groves takes place in eastern Georgia. That is why it is necessary to conduct the fitopatologic research, identify the pest causing the damage and plan the measures against it.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948568.pdf
Number of views: 757      Download in PDF


2. Tamar Nadiradze, Nino Eradze
In Situ Conservation of Some Rare and Endemic Species of Iridaceae Family in National Botanical Garden of Georgia

Abstract:
The article covers some information on anthropogenic influence upon natural ecosystems that is considered to be one of the strongest factors for reducing biodiversity of Georgian flora. With this purpose, some species of fam. Iridaceae that need to be protected under in situ conditions are being studied. The paper focuses on the fam. Iridaceae. This family is particularly interesting as it unites a considerable number of valuable, beautifully flowering plants with ornamental leaves, representing different biomorphs. Particularly rare and endangered species are: Iris iberica, I. Grossheimii, I. Lycotis, I. Camillae, I. Elegantissima, etc. We have carried out complex studies of bio-ecological peculiarities of bulbous geophytes and ephemeroids of genus Iridodictyum winogradowii, Ir. Reticulatum, Siphonastilis lasica and Iuno caucasica. There has been studied rhythm of growth and development of vital cycle of monocarpic shootings and ways of their propagation in the sub arid zone of East Georgia. There should be mentioned that they have perfectly adapted to the conditions. Such rare species of rootstock plants like Iris iberica, I. Carthalinical. Aphylla, I. graminea, I. imbricata, I. timofejewii, I. prilipkoana, I. musulmanica, Siphonastilis lazica and others even give abundant self-seedlings that undoubtedly makes it possible to protect them from being finally extinct. All the investigated plants can be recommended for using in landscape architecture under the conditions of East Georgia that will contribute to conservation of the valuable genofond of relict and endemic plants of Georgian flora. The work deals with the results of in situ conservation of some of rare and endemic species of fam. Iridaceae from Iridaceae Juss family. According to IUCN categories, the studied taxaare discussed as the endangered species in nature.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948654.pdf
Number of views: 754      Download in PDF


Economic Sciences

3. Farideh Derakhshan
Liability and the Relationship With Accounting Conservatism Among Companies Listed at Tehran Stock Exchange

Abstract:
The resent study aims at investigating the relationship between liability and accounting conservatism, while having in mind the primary goal of management as to maximize shareholders’ wealth. Financial statements of 80 companies listed at Tehran Stock Exchange from 2006 to 2011 were analyzed. The companies in order to satisfy higher return should have adequate and appropriate financial resources, which are provided by using financial instruments such as liability and stock. Population of the study accounts for 80 companies listed at Tehran Stock Exchange, among which 68 were chosen through elimination sampling method. Hypotheses of the study were tested using multivariate regression model and T-test.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948718.pdf
Number of views: 682      Download in PDF


4. Gholamreza Jandaghi, Zolfa Haghgooyan, Maryam Mashayekhi
Studying the Association between Social Capital and Educations in Qom Tax Organization

Abstract:
Present paper studies relevant literature and the background of researches on social capital as well as the relationship between the aspects of social capital and educations. Education is measured by demographic questions. In these items, educations include associate of arts, bachelor, master and higher level. Likewise, the situation of social capital aspects was also studied. To measure the amount of social capital, a self-structured titled the relationship between social capitals and developing organizational learning capacity is used. The questionnaire was distributed among a 30-subject sample consisting of Qom Tax Organization employees to measure the validity. Chronbach’s alpha value (0.93) indicates that the questioner enjoys needed validity. Then, the questionnaire was distributed among 86-subject sample of Qom Tax Organization employees. The findings from information analysis indicate that in selected organization, correlation coefficient is 0.254 between social capital and educations. Therefore, one can conclude there is a positive relationship between social capital and educations. The results for T-test indicate that social capital is desired status in social capital. Likewise, all components of social capital are in desired level.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948854.pdf
Number of views: 812      Download in PDF


5. Almir Ljeskovica, Mersid Poturak
Marketing Factors Affecting Leasing Selection in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Case Study on VB Leasing

Abstract:
In constantly changing environment all types of companies need some support from various types of funding institutions. Companies use their own resources to finance some projects or purchases but also take loans, mostly from banks to have additional support or in case of lack of money. Beside small, medium, as well as big companies, physical persons also use different types of financing to achieve their goals and fulfil their needs. Financing companies need to recognize the criteria on which prospective customers establish their financing selection decision. Planning a proper marketing strategy in order to attract new customers is of crucial importance in identifying these criteria. The main purpose of the study is to identify which factors affects people to choose leasing services. For data collection and analyse both, qualitative and quantitative study is conducted. Data for this study were collected through surveys delivered to 65 VB Leasing users from Sarajevo region. Out of 65, 57 useful responses were accepted for further analysis. Also interview was done with director of VB Leasing for qualitative study in order to get more insights in this topic. Findings of the study show what are the important factors for leasing selection and these information can support leasing managers in designing marketing strategies for perspective customers.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948922.pdf
Number of views: 825      Download in PDF


6. Minela Hadzic, Mersid Poturak
Students Perception about Financial Literacy: Case Study of International Burch University

Abstract:
University students, as a special consumer group, have important effects on leading trend and consumption structure. First of all, poor financial management is the main cause students are facing financial problem. Also, their characteristics of consumption and consumption status also reflect the student’s value orientation. The aim of this study was to investigate how students of private higher education institutions in BiH make purchasing decisions and how they balance small budget with living expenses. The ability to manage finances impacts students both personally and academically. Financial literacy is the ability to understand how money works in the world: how someone manages to earn or make money, how that person manages it, how he/she invests it (turn it into more) and how that person donates it to help others. Data for this study were collected by using survey which are delivered to students of International Burch University. Implications provided valuable data for university administrators in management and student affairs, counselors, economic educators, and parents.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403948994.pdf
Number of views: 756      Download in PDF


Pedagogical Sciences

7. Elena Bendíková
The Level of Selected Determinants of Female Pupils‘ Lifestyle of Secondary Schools in Relation to Their Health

Abstract:
Submission presents a partial objective and tasks with the intention on selected determinants of female pupils' lifestyle of secondary schools in relation to their health. Monitored group consisted of secondary school female pupils at the age of 18.1 years from the vicinity of L. Mikuláš. Selected and monitored indicators of somatic nature were determined by standard procedures and methodology based on general and school practice. Lifestyle questions were based on a standardized questionnaire. Results indicate, that there is a significant (p < 0.01) absence of sport activities with higher intensity in female pupils' lifestyle, which can, together with inadequate diet, participate in higher body weight (p < 0.05) and its other indicators (BMI and WHR). Listed partial discoveries are included in the grant: VEGA no. 1/0376/14 Intervention as physical activity as health prevention of Slovak population. The article was written with the assistance of the Excellent Science at the Faculty of Arts of Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949068.pdf
Number of views: 736      Download in PDF


8. Vladimír Biloveský
Slovak Thinking on Translation

Abstract:
The paper focuses on the contents, message of Slovak translation theorists as well as their contribution to international translation studies. At the same time, the paper presents and seeks for application of their theoretical musing in contemporary transation studies and searches for possible reasons of their often inadequate interprertation and lack of theoretical “updating”.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949121.pdf
Number of views: 1234      Download in PDF


9. Alžbeta Brozmanová Gregorová, Zuzana Bariaková, Katarína Chovancová, Martina Kubealaková, Jana Šolcová
Experiences With Implementation of Service-learning at Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica

Abstract:
This paper presents experiences with implementation of service-learning at Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica. It briefly describes the bases of service-learning implementation into education and analyses the results of a questionnaire survey carried out among our students identifying their needs.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949222.pdf
Number of views: 742      Download in PDF


Medical Sciences

10. Shavkat I. Karimov, Ulugbek B. Berkinov, Erjan R. Fayzullaev, Yuliya V. Khamidova
Possibilities of the Videothoracoscopy for the Post-Traumatic Clotted Hemothorax

Abstract:
Background. Among the complications of blunt thoracic trauma, hemothorax is the most common and serious problem of modern thoracic surgery. The frequency of this complication according to some authors, varies from 26% to 80% and is not connnected with nature of the trauma and patient's age. 804 patients with the chest injuries treated between 2006 and 2012 at the 2nd clinic Tashkent Medical Academy. 179 of patients had penetrating stab wounds, and 625 - blunt. The clotted hemothorax was diagnosed at 103 patients. For all the patients with clotted hemotorax we performed videothoracoscopy. All the operations were ended with thoracostomy. Intraoperative complications were not observed. Postoperative complications were observed in 10 (10.2%) patients. In one case developed empyema, and in 9 - limited pleurisy. Inclusion of the videothoracoscopy into the complex diagnostic and treatment algorithm for the patients with chest injuries allows not only to confirm the presence of the CH, but to eliminate it highly effectively and with minimal invasion, avoiding thoracotomy.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949377.pdf
Number of views: 767      Download in PDF


Art History

11. Alexander Fedorov
Russian Image on the Federal Republic of Germany Screen

Abstract:
This article analyzed the image of Russia in the screen mirror of the Federal Republic of Germany for: determine the place and role of the image of the USSR and the Russian and Soviet / Russian characters in the movies from the beginning of the postwar German ideological confrontation to 1991 (the collapse of the Soviet Union) as compared with the trends of the modern era (1992 – present); identify political, ideological, social and cultural contexts, the main stages of development, concepts, goals, objectives, authors of fiction films themes outlined above; classify and compare trends and stereotypes German films related to the Soviet / Russian theme: ideology, content model, genre modifications (including: socio-political analysis, stereotypes, ideological analysis, identification analysis, the iconographic analysis, narrative analysis, the characters etc.).

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949434.pdf
Number of views: 1439      Download in PDF


12.
full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1403949458.pdf
Number of views: 1153      Download in PDF





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