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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

Number 1. (in 2 part) March 15, 2014


Physico-mathematical sciences

1. Jawad M. Shakerardekani
Measurement and Evaluation of the Efficiency and Effectiveness of ICT Applications in Mathematical Education in Higher Educational Institutions, Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA )

Abstract:
The aim of this work is to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of ICT in mathematical education in universities and the application of the data envelopment analysis. The subjects of this study were students of the 11th Faculty of Shahid Sadoughi Technological Institute from Yazd, the Islamic Republic of Iran. GAMS software was used to carry out a comprehensive data analysis and the computer software Excel was used to organise the data. The results, obtained by this study, show that the use of ICT to teach mathematics in the three groups of students, who in the first semester had a lowest level of productivity and efficiency in the subject, their grades were lower than the grades, obtained in the second semester, which increased by 11.7%. Respondents of the subsequent groups were tested by the traditional method of teaching mathematics, and thus, the results show little variation in their academic success on the subject.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396252611.pdf
Number of views: 946      Download in PDF


2. Bagdaulet K. Kenzhaliyev, Tatiana A. Khodareva, Aynur N. Berkinbaeva, Zamzagul D. Dosymbaeva, Esen N. Sulejmenov
Extraction of Pd and Pt from Dead Catalysts Using the Electrochemical Method

Abstract:
We studied the possibility of using electrochemical methods for the extraction of metals from dead catalysts, based on the example of the platinum-group metals. Leaching of palladium and platinum was carried out in a solution with sodium hydroxide applying a sulphur graphite electrode, which served as a source of formation of leaching reagents (sodium thio-compounds). The reactions of the formation of leaching reagents and transfer of metals into the solution were performed simultaneously in the volume of a reaction vessel.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396252703.pdf
Number of views: 854      Download in PDF


3. Bagdaulet K. Kenzhaliyev, Renata R. Iskhakova, Zamzagul D. Dosymbaeva, Esen N. Sulejmenov
Gold and Silver Extraction from Leach Solutions

Abstract:
There has been carried out an investigation on the extraction of gold and silver from thiosulfate solutions: standard test and technological solutions of chemical and electrochemical leaching. The influence of related metals on the process of extracting gold from solution was studied. There has been conducted a comparative study of the IR spectra of solutions after the sorption of gold, silver and related metals.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396252788.pdf
Number of views: 915      Download in PDF


Biological sciences

4. Tea T. Mchedluri, Tinatin G. Khokhobasvili, Darejan A. Margalitashvili
Environmental Sustainability of the Lopota River in Eastern Georgia against the Background of the Growing Anthropogenic Load

Abstract:
We studied the ecological state of the Lopota River in Eastern Georgia. The study showed that the results of microbiological and chemical contamination do not experience significant changes, and mainly are within the acceptable range of concentration, although a pronounced difference is observed among individual performances over the entire flow. An increase in the anthropogenic pollution of the river is observed in summer time. Downstream the Alazani River the concentration of major cations ((K+,Na+,Mg2+,Ca2+), anions (SO42-, Cl- HCO3-, CO32-) and biogenic elements (NO2, NO3-, NH4+, PO43-) is increasing. As a result, the Lopota River is subjected to anthropogenic influence and faecal contamination. However, despite this, the ecological state of the river is satisfactory, due the turbulent flow of the river and good aeration. In addition, the increase in turbidity creates favourable conditions for sorption water purification. All this contributes to self-purification capacity of the river.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396252879.pdf
Number of views: 797      Download in PDF


5. Tatiana Yudina, Elena Sorokina, Vadim Danilov
Time-dependent Toxicity in Long-term Analysis of Luminescence Inhibition with Recombinant Escherichia Coli Strain

Abstract:
We have investigated the effect of streptomycin simultaneously on the luminescence and the growth of bacteria of luminescent recombinant Escherichia coli stain with the operon luxCDABE from Vibrio fischeri. Experiments were performed to determine the toxicity in the 30-minute experiment and in the chronic 24-hour variant. The level of toxicity in the tested concentration range was determined judging by the change of intensity of bioluminescence and by the growth of cells in the presence of antibiotic. Toxicity parameter ЕС50 was 26.44 mg / l at 30 min exposure, and 0.30 mg / l during 8 hours of growth of bacteria. Dynamics of changes in toxicity, depending on the concentration of streptomycin in the long-term experiment, shows the difficulty in the choice of the end point of the experiment.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396252980.pdf
Number of views: 789      Download in PDF


Engineering sciences

6. Victor Y. Tsvetkov, Natalya V. Azarenkova
Entropy in Corporate Information Systems

Abstract:
This paper describes the stages of entropy formation. It depicts the basic definitions of the corporate information systems. This paper describes the quality of entropy, the duration of the entropy in the corporate information system. The article also gives a paradigmatic description of the action of information entropy in time.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253075.pdf
Number of views: 928      Download in PDF


Economic sciences

7. Dinara M. Alisheva, Nadezhda I. Tomilova, Galia S. Muhasheva, Bigul O. Mukhametzhanova, Alexandriya V. Naumova
The Role of Information Technology in Improving Human Resources Management Systems of the Company

Abstract:
The article discusses the process of introducing information technologies, aimed at transforming the entire organisation. Along with the mentioned difficulties, the organisational development methodology allows us to identify the symptoms of other problems at various levels, which, unfortunately, are not taken into account by the traditional approach.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253161.pdf
Number of views: 816      Download in PDF


8. Alla V. Dmitrenko
Problematic Issues of Segmentation in the Formation of Consolidated Financial Statements by the Participants of Joint Ventures

Abstract:
The paper studies the topical issue of segmentation of consolidated financial statements. The author proposes to make a report on the assets, liabilities, income, expenses and financial results that are directly related to report segment or allocated to the report segment.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253219.pdf
Number of views: 732      Download in PDF


9. Anastasia A. Goncharova
International Stand of Ukrainian Mechanical Engineering in the European Economy

Abstract:
The article analyses the significant changes in the society that have taken place in Ukraine for the past twenty-five years that considerably influenced the structure and dynamics of mechanical engineering, which, due to objective and subjective reasons, is not ready for large-scale transformational actions. The author has also investigated the dynamics of changes, taking place in the machine-building complex of Ukraine. There have been identified structural changes of the industrial complex that occurred during the crisis and post-crisis period. The article has identified the position of Ukrainian engineering in the European economy.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253278.pdf
Number of views: 826      Download in PDF


10. Sergei A. Korolkov, Alexander G. Losev, Irina M. Reshetnikova, Vasily V. Tarakanov
Budgeting Model of Structural Units based on Normative per Capita Funding

Abstract:
This work is devoted to the development of financial analysis methods and management of the educational process in universities. In particular, a new method has been proposed to form the wage funds for the faculty. The proposed method makes it possible to find the optimal variants of staff lists for structural units, to determine the effectiveness of the educational process, etc. Using the proposed approaches, the financial resources of the educational institution are used more effectively, which provides the necessary support to the quality of education, and stimulates the scientific activity of the teachers.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253356.pdf
Number of views: 721      Download in PDF


11. Andrey N. Zaika
Modern Trends in the Formation of Household Incomes in Ukraine

Abstract:
The article is devoted to modern trends in the formation of household incomes in Ukraine, finding the relation between different types of income on the basis of statistical and financial classification. Identifying modern trends in the generation of household income is important for the disclosure of labour market formation. Formation of a diversified system of household incomes, harmoniously combining both primary and secondary incomes, incomes from the payment of wage labour, entrepreneurship and self-employment, as well as other types of income, can protect people during crises in the financial and real sectors of the economy.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253419.pdf
Number of views: 714      Download in PDF


Philosophical sciences

12. Elena S. Kolesnyk
“Eidetic Mimesis” as Artistic Interpretation of Archetype

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the justification of the term “eidetic mimesis”, used to refer to the artistic interpretation of the archetype (in the ontological sense of the word). It is generally true that various mythological and poetical systems are based on the belief that all the existence of humanity, society and the world is a reproduction of the original events and objects. Such a reconstruction of the archetype, which makes sacral the everyday life, can be divided into natural, domestic, ritual and artistic. The last of these forms is saved and filled with new meanings in developed cultures; in particular, it was manifested in the phenomenon of iconography as a way to detect the presence of a transcendent Absolute. The essence of this phenomenon can be described as “eidetic mimesis”, because it is the imitation of reality (which is the main feature of mimesis). However, the object of this imitation is not the appearance of the objects, but rather their inner essence – eidos.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253487.pdf
Number of views: 673      Download in PDF


13. Kudaibergen A. Temirgaliev , Gaziza Z. Dzhamalieva , Banu Z. Abdrasheva
Problem of Cultural Identity in Modern Kazakhstan

Abstract:
The article describes the problems of cultural identity of modern society in a globalising world. The role of culture is actualised in the modern society. This is becoming an increasingly important and multifactorial phenomenon, affecting all the parts of society.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253562.pdf
Number of views: 728      Download in PDF


Philological sciences

14. Gulnar A. Altaeva , Nursaule P. Kalymbetova
Discrete Composition of the Kazakh Animalistic Story of 1960-1970s

Abstract:
The article analyses subjective forms of expression of the author’s consciousness in a literary form. The authors consider the problem of constructing a literary work with an animalistic theme. The authors argue that the originality of works, written by Kazakh writers, consists in a specific exposition of the material, in the correlation of its parts, in the interaction of all the components of the narrative. The analysis shows that the structure of the animalistic works has general compositional features: discrete images, retrospective character, and flashbacks. The authors conclude that the peculiarity of the composite structure is due to the fact that the intrinsic relations of the narrative are more important than their external, subject, spatiotemporal and causal relationships.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253701.pdf
Number of views: 740      Download in PDF


15. Natalya V. Mirza , Olga A. Andreyev
Comparative Study of Modern Methods of Teaching Foreign Languages

Abstract:
This article attempts to give a comparative description of modern methods of teaching foreign languages. In accordance with the requirements of modern society, focused on the competitiveness of future professionals, there is a need for a new approach to the design of objectives and learning outcomes, in this case, fundamentally new methods of teaching are used as tools to achieve the goals.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253762.pdf
Number of views: 833      Download in PDF


16. Manana G. Napireli
Stylistic Categories, Based on the Poem Die schlesischen Weber by Heinrich Heine

Abstract:
The poem Die schlesischen Weber by the great German writer Heinrich Heine is a revolutionary appeal to overthrow the German perverse social relations. The poem proved to be interesting from the stylistic point of view and is a perfect example of stylistic categories. As a result of our study, it turned out to be very rich in tropes and syntactic devices. Our attention was drawn to the metaphor (the metaphor reinforces the meaning of language, embellishes it and at the same time expresses the narrator’s point of view about the objects and phenomena. Therefore, metaphor has always been considered one of the best language means), comparison, parallel constructions (this stylistic device is a special syntactic structure, used by the writer for greater emphasis), oxymoron (is based on the combination of two, mutually exclusive concepts) and repetition.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253829.pdf
Number of views: 781      Download in PDF


17. Asima M. Turekhanova, Gulnar D. Aitzhanova
Representation of Value and Estimation Meanings in the Terminology of Railroad Sublanguage

Abstract:
The article provides a retrospective analysis of the linguists’ views on the technical term, and discusses linguistic means of expression, used in the “railroad” sublanguage within axiological linguistics. Each artificially created artefact is the result of appraising and intellectual human activity and as a product of this activity reflects the value – fragment of the technical picture of the world.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253898.pdf
Number of views: 936      Download in PDF


Pedagogical sciences

18. Botakoz A. Zhekibaeva, Marzhan N. Shayakhmetova
The Essence of the Concept “Ethno-Pedagogical Competence”

Abstract:
The paper discloses the nature and content of the notion “ethno-pedagogical competence”, based on a study of scientific works of Russian and foreign researchers. The analysis of these works shows that ethno-pedagogical competence as a scientific and pedagogical problem is disclosed in the ethno-pedagogical concept and is associated with the development of ethno-pedagogical science. The article presents an analysis of the definitions of “ethno-pedagogical competence” by several scientists; it discloses the driving conditions of the development of ethno-pedagogical competence in modern pedagogical science. The necessity of forming ethno-pedagogical competences as part of the training process of the future teachers at the university has been proven. The article defines more precisely the notion of “ethno-pedagogical competence of future teachers”, which is considered to be a set of integrative professionally significant personal qualities, contributing to the implementation of ethno-pedagogical knowledge, skills and professional experience in the conditions of a multi-ethnic educational environment.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396253975.pdf
Number of views: 884      Download in PDF


19.
full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396254005.pdf
Number of views: 1213      Download in PDF





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