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European Researcher. Series A – международный научный журнал по социальным наукам

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Периодичность – 1 раз в 3 месяца.
Издается с 2010 года.

Number 1. (in 2 part) September 15, 2013

Engineering Sciences

1. Anatoliy O. Kargin, Mykola V. Krachkovsky
Method of Computer-aided Instruction in Situation Control Systems

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2167-2178.

The article considers the problem of computer-aided instruction in context-chain motivated situation control system of the complex technical system behavior. The conceptual and formal models of situation control with practical instruction are considered. Acquisition of new behavior knowledge is presented as structural changes in system memory in the form of situational agent set. Model and method of computer-aided instruction represent formalization, based on the nondistinct theories by physiologists and cognitive psychologists. The formal instruction model describes situation and reaction formation and dependence on different parameters, effecting education, such as the reinforcement value, time between the stimulus, action and the reinforcement. The change of the contextual link between situational elements when using is formalized. The examples and results of computer instruction experiments of the robot device “LEGO MINDSTORMS NXT”, equipped with ultrasonic distance, touch, light sensors.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775231.pdf
Number of views: 971      Download in PDF

2. Vladimir P. Kulagin, Victor Y. Tsvetkov, Maiya V. Maksimova
The Convergence in Spatial Tasks

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2179-2184.

The article reveals the problem of convergence of direct and inverse problems in Earth Sciences, describes the features and application of these problems, discloses analytical features of direct and inverse problems. The convergence criteria and conditions for convergence were presented. This work is supported by the Grant of the Government of the Russian Federation for support of scientific research, implemented under the supervision of leading scientists in Russian institutions of higher education in the field "Space Research and Technologies" in 2011–2013.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775400.pdf
Number of views: 1000      Download in PDF

3. Normahmad Ravshanov, Bozorboy Palvanov, Yuldash Islamov
Mathematical Model of Suspension Filtration and Its Analytical Solution

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2185-2192.

The work develops advanced mathematical model and computing algorithm to analyze, predict and identify the basic parameters of filter units and their variation ranges. Numerical analytic solution of liquid ionized mixtures filtration was got on their basis. Computing experiments results are presented in graphics form. Calculation results analysis enables to determine the optimum performance of filter units, used for liquid ionized mixtures filtration, food preparation, drug production and water purification. Selection of the most suitable parameters contributes to the improvement of economic and technological efficiency of production and filter units working efficiency.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775479.pdf
Number of views: 994      Download in PDF

4. Ramil F. Sagitov
Optimal Parameters Multicomponent Mixtures Extruding

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2193-2199.

Experimental research of multicomponent mixtures extruding from production wastes are carried out, unit for production of composites from different types of waste is presented. Having analyzed dependence of multicomponent mixtures extruding energy requirements on die length and components content at three values of angular rate of screw rotation, we received the values of energy requirements at optimal length of the die, angular speed and percent of binding additives.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775543.pdf
Number of views: 1009      Download in PDF

Historical Sciences and Archaeology

5. Valery V. Kozinа, Svetlana V. Eleukhanova
Economic Development of Central Kazakhstan in 1930s

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2200-2204.

The article, using archive data, highlights the economic development of Central Kazakhstan in 1930s of the XX century, describes preparatory work on region development, cites party and government regulations on region transition to the place of “grand socialist construction”. The work reads that the scale of industrial development demanded additional labor forces. Forced labor of hundreds of thousands of people: forced migrants, displaced peoples, prisoners of Corrective Labor Camps GULAG has become the basis for republic labor capacity in terms of totalitarian system. The author comes to the conclusion that Central Kazakhstan is the perfect example of the epoch inconsistency. On the one hand, it became the place of “grand socialist construction”, region of cruel experiments on people and the place of the revived colonization policy and the development of natural resources, place of exile, penal servitude and imprisonment for hundreds of thousands of people in short period of time. On the other hand, powerful industrial capacity, gradually taking up advanced positions in the Soviet Union, was created and developed here.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775674.pdf
Number of views: 953      Download in PDF

6. Igor A. Melnichuk
Transformation of Zaporozhian Cossack Elites: Reasons and Stages of Sich and Cossack Army Transition to the Autonomous Elective Administration in Early XVII Century

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2205-2211.

The article presents brief historic and political analysis of reasons and stages of transition of political positions of Zaporozhian Sich Cossack starshyna towards elective administration, independent of Poland in the first decades of the XVII century. The conclusion was made that the detailed hierarchy of Cossack authorities in terms of periodic rotation and reporting of all its levels, formation of personal foreign-policy priorities and autonomous aspirations, independent of Polish official position in starshynskaya elite were formed in this period.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775775.pdf
Number of views: 1031      Download in PDF

Economic Sciences

7. Mikhail N. Dudin, Nikolai V. Lyasnikov, Elvira N. Didenko
Economic Features of “Goodwill” Category as a Factor of Business Management Improvement

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2212-2217.

The innovative technology of goodwill as a strategic tool of national business entities’ management improvement is widely used in many sectors of the Russian economy in the last decade. The financial crisis of 2008 that exists to the present day has made business management with the use of modern scientific and methodological basis high-priority. Its successful solution is the key to the survival of businesses. This article is very relevant, since the problem of search of the ways to manage and develop intangible resources of business entities is essential in terms of innovative development. This article presents the theoretical and practical importance of analyzing the problems of the formation of goodwill of business organizations of the Russian Federation. The article explains the fact that the increase in the cost of goodwill through mobilization and use of various resources of business entities has a positive effect on the sustainability and competitiveness.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775868.pdf
Number of views: 936      Download in PDF

Pedagogical Sciences

8. Marat Es. Batyrov, Alma Zh. Murzalinova
Organization of Student’s Сompetence-oriented Independent Work in the Course of Training at Military Educational Institution

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2218-2226.

The article justifies the leading role of student’s competence-oriented independent work in the course of training at military educational institution. Justification is based on the leading idea of realization of student’s motivation and value activity, self-education and self-development, which are the components of professional competence.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379775968.pdf
Number of views: 1049      Download in PDF

9. Valentyn G. Oleshko
Dynamics of Biomechanical Structure of Highly Qualified Weightlifter’s Clean and Jerk, Depending on Sex and Weight Category

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2227-2240.

We have analysed the biomechanical structure of the second competition exercise, Clean and Jerk, depending on highly-qualified weightlifter’s sex and weight category. We have also defined general tendencies and differences in rhythm, temporal and spatial indices of the technique in two types of Clean and Jerk – bar lift and bar jerk. It was determined that highly-qualified middle-weight weightlifters of different sex are more skilful than athletes of other weight categories due to the optimal correlation between body and high level of speed-power qualities.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776034.pdf
Number of views: 1033      Download in PDF

10. Gulnara T. Smagulova
Definition of the Concept of Polylingualism in Social Discourse and Linguistics

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2241-2246.

The article deals with the definition of the concept of polylingualism as a general term in social discourse and as a linguistic term in a number of research works. The author shares the opinion that perspective efficient development of polylingual and polycultural education is only possible in terms of person-centered conditions and appropriate polycommunicative nature of any language. The interaction between educational system and society (sociocultural level, in relation to languages, sociocultural and sociolinguistic contexts) should be also considered.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776112.pdf
Number of views: 1208      Download in PDF

Philological Sciences

11. Shara Mazhitaeva, Zhanar Omasheva
Polysemantics of Zoomorphic Images in Proverbs and Sayings of the English and Kazakh Languages

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2247-2251.

The article is devoted to the study of zoomorphic images in proverbs and sayings of the English and Kazakh languages. The work studies and compares national specific features of Kazakh and English linguistic cultures. This knowledge is crucial for intercultural research. The paper is focused on comparative analysis of English and Kazakh proverbs, containing lexical units “wolf” and “dog”. The analysis detected polysemantic character of wolf and dog images in the studied languages. Similarities and differences of wolf and dog images reflect general and specific character of ethnic-oriented culturological constants, existing in consciousness of representatives of different ethnic groups.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776201.pdf
Number of views: 1266      Download in PDF

12. Angela A. Medvedenko
Literary and Ideological Discourse in Lingual Rhetoric of Discursive Processes in Russian Socio-cultural and Educational Environment: Antinomy “Soviet – Anti-Soviet”

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2252-2257.

The article, using the material of Sochi Lingual Rhetoric School characterizes Soviet literary and ideological discourse as a specific verbal and cogitative product of Soviet literary and artistic communication from the perspective of lingual rhetoric paradigm in the aspect of comprehensive study of discursive processes in Russian socio-cultural and educational environment (Project No. 6.3660.2011 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation). Antinomy “Soviet – anti-Soviet” is presented on the example of idiodiscourse by literary personality of A.P. Gaydar and discursive strategy of nonfiction-fiction synthesis of literary personality of A.I. Solzhenitsyn in idiodiscourse “The Gulag Archipelago”.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776263.pdf
Number of views: 994      Download in PDF

13. Taliya F. Pecherskikh, Alfiya H. Suleymenova
Modifications of Paroemia Invariants

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2258-2262.

The phenomenon of modifications of paroemia invariants proves that language constantly changes and develops. The realization of communication need through the new evocative forms of expression is generality of the opposite linguistic phenomena of occasional variants of paroemia, aimed at the establishment of equilibrium in phraseology.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776344.pdf
Number of views: 1089      Download in PDF

Medical Sciences

14. Larissa E. Muravlyova, Vilen B. Molotov-Luchanskiy, Dmitriy A. Klyuyev, Evgeniya A. Kolesnikova
Comparative Characteristics of Erythrocytes Charge Balance in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2263-2268.

The aim of the investigation is studying of erythrocytes charge balance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of bronchitic and mixed types. The similar trend of change Δ pH of erythrocytes in patients with COPD was observed during the incubation of red blood cells in the range of 37-58 ˚C. The thermograms represented decreasing curve, Δ pH ranged from -0.326 to -0.453 (the average value was -0.383). During subsequent 20- minute incubation of erythrocyte suspension at 58 ˚C, two main types of thermal images, depending on the degree of respiratory failure were recorded. Possible mechanisms of the erythrocytes charge balance alterations in patients with COPD are discussed.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776479.pdf
Number of views: 1049      Download in PDF

Cultural Studies

15. Tatyana V. Gryaznukhina, Alexander G. Gryaznukhin
Cultural Dialogue Development between Russia and Siberia at the Turn of XIX–XX Centuries

European Researcher, 2013, Vol.(58), № 9-1, р. 2269-2274.

The article is concerned with the problems of cultural dialogue development between two regions – Central Russia and Siberia at the turn of XIX – XX centuries. The position of local intelligentsia, envisaging Siberia as big independent region, having its unique social, economic and ethnographic features is showed. Specific features of Siberian population mentality were reflected in works by local and Russian intelligentsia. The paper studies the foundations of cultural dialogue between the regions, having inequitable character, presents the position of local intelligentsia, aimed at the relative independence of Siberia development and building of intercultural relationship on egalitarian basis. The forms of intercultural dialogue are analyzed. The impact of capitals’ cultural life on Siberian culture development is showed. The role of Russian and Siberian intelligentsia in establishment and development of intercultural communications between the two regions is justified.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776569.pdf
Number of views: 968      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1379776588.pdf
Number of views: 1598      Download in PDF

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