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European Researcher. Series A – International Journal of Social Science

E-ISSN 2224-0136

Publication frequency – once in 3 months.
Has been issued since 2010.

Number 2. (in 2 part) March 25, 2014

Biological Sciences

1. Tamar Nadiradze
Bio-ecological Peculiarities of Taxus baccata L. in Decorative Gardening of Eastern Georgia

The article discusses contemporary bio-ecological conditions of Taxus baccata L. in its natural distribution area of Georgia, particularly in Batsara National Preserve. Contemporary bio-ecological conditions of Taxus baccata L. spread in decorative gardening of eastern Georgia have also been studied based on the samples of the collection (47 pieces) of Tsinandali Arboretum. We have studied the periods of bud opening, vegetation ending, starting and finishing of cambium action, sprout woodening process, time and rate of growing in height, and regularities of accumulation-transformation of storage carbohydrates. The studies revealed that the Yew growth duration is affected by the snowless winter and frequent droughts increased in the last decades as they cause the lack of water in soils and badly affect the plant growth. Regularities of accumulation-transformation of storage carbohydrates and the studies of sprout woodening and cambium action peculiarities prove the strong ability of frost-resistance. In order to conserve this endangered species (Taxus baccata L.) it’s needful to introduce it widely in decorative gardening.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365164.pdf
Number of views: 1040      Download in PDF

Engineering Sciences

2. Igor P. Gulyaev, Kirill A. Ermakov, Pavel Yu. Gulyaev
New High-Speed Combination of Spectroscopic And Brightness Pyrometry For Studying Particles Temperature Distribution In Plasma Jets

Up-to-date methods and devices for temperature of dispersed phase control in high-temperature flows are considered. Possibilities of building pyrometric systems using available modern equipment are discussed. The new pyrometric method based on registration of a wide spectral range of radiation is proposed and implemented. Results of particles temperature measurements during plasma treatment of zirconia powders are presented.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365255.pdf
Number of views: 974      Download in PDF

3. A.M. Shendrik, M.I. Fyk
Natural Gas Container Transportation: the Alternative Way to Solve the World’s Energy Transportation Problems

The container gas transportation for low and medium level consumers as an alternative to pipelines is considered. The options for gas supply schemes, based on road and rail transport are given. The advantages and disadvantages of both types of gas transporting are described, the areas of their effective using are separated in the article. Promising implementations of technology in environment of economic crisis and also considering world trends of energy development are presented. The most advanced organization of compressed gas condensate transportation of unprepared gas fields in large diameter universal cylindrical balloons (up to 1000 mm) are reasoned. The problem of compressed gas sea transportation are well disclosed, but the alternative ways of gas transportation by land are not investigated enough. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Technology - is new promising technology for natural gas transportation by specially designed vessels – CNG-vessels. The feature of this technology is that natural gas can be downloaded directly near gas deposits and unloaded - directly into the customer's network. This eliminates significant capital investments in underwater pipelining or gas liquefaction plants. The main objects of investment are CNG-vessels themselves. The most attractive places for implementation of CNG-technology are sea (offshore) natural gas deposits. Numerous international experts estimate the natural gas transportation by CNG-vessels in 1.5-2.0 times more cost-beneficial in comparison with offshore pipelines transportation, or in comparison with LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) shipping with natural gas transportation volume between 0.5 and 4.0 billion cubic meters per year on the route from 250 to 2,500 sea miles. This technology makes possible to provide gas supplement to the mountain and abounding in water areas, remote and weakly gasified regions. Described technology deserves special attention in the case of depleted and low-power oil and gas deposits development.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365375.pdf
Number of views: 1011      Download in PDF

Economic Sciences

4. Milka Bubalo-Živković, Bojan Djerčan, Tamara Lukić, Gordana Jovanović
Moving to the Welfare Countries: Emigrants from Serbia 1961-2002

The main characteristic of Balkan region in history is permanent migration. The character of this migration is changed from period to period. After WWII in Serbia migrations had economical character. These migrations are dominated till the last decade of XX century. According to the 2002 census, in foreign countries lives more than 400,000 citizens of Serbia. About 50 percent of citizens emigrated in decades before 1990, and the next 50 percent emigrated in period between 1990 and 2002. About 80 percent of emigrations are from central Serbia, and rest are from Vojvodina Province. Major emigration from Serbia has been directed towards Austria, Germany and Switzerland. The number of emigrants from Serbia is also high in France, Italy and Sweden. Outside of Europe most of the emigrants went in the United States of America.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365554.pdf
Number of views: 955      Download in PDF

5. Serife Ozlen
The Effect of Company Fundamentals on Stock Values

The influencing factors of stock values change with respect to the changes on economic factors depended on the selected time interval. These factors can be considered under two main categories (microeconomic and macroeconomic). The aim of this study is to identify the effect of selected microeconomic factors (Total Asset Turnover Ratio, Debt Ratio, Current Ratio, Price to Earnings Ratio, Net Profit Margin, and Book Value) on stock values between the second quarter of 2000 and the third quarter of 2012. This study is among the few researches which consider sector level performances of the stock values.The selected sectors for the analyses are electric, food, communication, paper, chemistry, metal-product, metal-main, stone, textile, commerce and transportation. The results indicate that Book value is highly significant positive impact on the stock prices of all the sectors. The effects of remaining factors are found to be different for each sector.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365645.pdf
Number of views: 2074      Download in PDF

Philosophical Sciences

6. Elizbar Elizbarashvili
Reconstruction of Nietzsche’s Theory of Simulation

The article shows the interior plane of contact of thinking of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and French philosopher Jean Baudrillard. We have formed the metaphor world of Nietzsche and his philosophy and found the common code between these metaphors and philosophic language of the language of the simulation theory by Jean Baudrillard. The decoding and interpretation of the material was made on its basis. As a result, we came to the conclusion that Nietzsche philosophy had the simulation plane before postmodernism and it is possible to reconstruct the simulation theory of his philosophy at the rational level. The article considers the specified mechanisms of Nietzsche simulation theory. Zarathustra personality, the great tempter and connects the mechanisms of faith and courage.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365725.pdf
Number of views: 985      Download in PDF

Philological Sciences

7. Olga N. Shalifova, Elena Yu. Makeeva
Syntactical Connections in Old English (Composite Sentence)

The article focuses on the evolution of the composite sentence in English. Special attention is given to Old English and different ways of syntactical connection of the clauses within a composite sentence. It is specially stressed that the syntactical structure of Old English was determined by the nature of its morphology on the one hand, and by the relation between the spoken and the written forms of the language, on the other. The authors come to the conclusion that the whole Old English syntax was paratactic and that subordination in it was not developed enough.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365808.pdf
Number of views: 1436      Download in PDF

8. Svetlana A. Zolotareva, Marina V. Mezhova
Developing General Cultural Literacy through Teaching English in a Russian University: Competence and Semiotic Approach

The article is devoted to some of the issues of teaching English in a Russian university, which arouse as a result of introducing new educational standards and it discusses the ways of forming students’ general cultural competence by using authentic curricula, in order to meet the requirements of those standards. It also shows the importance of semiotics for acquisition a foreign language and culture, and reveals the worth of “personalia” as a culture language sign, as well as peculiarity of its functioning, which lies in its ability to represent social and cultural values and priorities in personal-precedential form, thus making a contribution to developingan individual’sconcept scheme and, consequently, general cultural literacy.

URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396365894.pdf
Number of views: 966      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://www.erjournal.ru/journals_n/1396366187.pdf
Number of views: 2123      Download in PDF

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